If you're a chronic and/or heavy smoker, or have asthma, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a simple cold is more likely to exacerbate into bronchitis or pneumonia, even in the absence of fever. The diagnosis however requires a proper physical examination to be made. Antibiotic treatment must not be initiated haphazardly. You are advised to visit your doctor.
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It is recommended that all individuals see a Family Doctor for a full medical examination annually. Adults should get their blood pressure checked (US Preventive Task Force), a flu vaccine (CDC) and more each year.