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26 years
What are the major symptoms of hypothyroidism? ?
Aug 4, 2014

Dr. Rania Mousa General Medicine
Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone. It is the most common thyroid disorder.

Thyroid function is controlled by a gland in the brain, known as the pituitary. The pituitary produces thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), which stimulates the thyroid to produce T3 and T4

The symptoms of hypothyroidism vary widely,some people have no symptoms while others have dramatic symptoms or, rarely, life-threatening symptoms.

Symptoms of hypothyroidism affect the whole body and have negative effect on the whole body knowing the thyroxin the thyroid hormone is a burning hormone then lack or decrease in the blood hormone level will lead to the symptoms seen. Symtoms are related to the slow down of the burning process to release energy

>MAJOR SYMPTOMS are weight gain withh low appetite,skin dryness and hair loss ,slow heart beat ,fatigue ,tiredness ,laziness ,irregular menses or periods ,constipation ,it may also be a cause of infertility

Hypothyroidism affect all the body ,more detailed symptoms are
General symptoms > Thyroid hormone normally stimulates the metabolism, and most of the symptoms of hypothyroidism reflect slowing of metabolic processes. General symptoms may include fatigue, sluggishness, weight gain, and intolerance of cold temperatures.

Skin > Hypothyroidism can decrease sweating. The skin may become dry and thick. The hair may become coarse or thin, eyebrows may disappear, and nails may become brittle.

Eyes > Hypothyroidism can lead to mild swelling around the eyes. People who develop hypothyroidism after treatment for Graves' disease may retain some of the eye symptoms of Graves' disease, including protrusion of the eyes, the appearance of staring, and impaired movement of the eyes.

Cardiovascular system > Hypothyroidism slows the heart rate and weakens the heart's contractions, decreasing its overall function. Related symptoms may include fatigue and shortness of breath with exercise. These symptoms may be more severe in people who also have heart disease. In addition, hypothyroidism can cause mild high blood pressure and raise blood levels of cholesterol.

Respiratory system > Hypothyroidism weakens the respiratory muscles and decreases lung function. Symptoms can include fatigue, shortness of breath with exercise, and decreased ability to exercise. Hypothyroidism can also lead to swelling of the tongue, hoarse voice, and sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is a condition in which there is intermittent blockage of the airway while sleeping, causing fitful sleep and daytime sleepiness.

Gastrointestinal system >Hypothyroidism slows the actions of the digestive tract, causing constipation. Rarely, the digestive tract may stop moving entirely.

Reproductive system > Women with hypothyroidism often have menstrual cycle irregularities, ranging from absent or infrequent periods to very frequent and heavy periods. The menstrual irregularities can make it difficult to become pregnant, and pregnant women with hypothyroidism have an increased risk for miscarriage during early pregnancy. Treatment of hypothyroidism can decrease these risks.

Myxedema coma > In people with severe hypothyroidism, trauma, infection, exposure to the cold, and certain medications can rarely trigger a life-threatening condition called myxedema coma, which causes a loss of consciousness and hypothermia (low body temperature).

A blood test will confirm a diagnose of hypothyroidism disease.