One of the nerves that contributes to the swallowing process (by increasing the muscle tone of the esophagus), called the accessory nerve, or cranial nerve 11, also innervates the muscles of the side of the neck and the shoulder muscle (the trapezius muscle). If this nerve is inflamed (due to sports injury or malpositioning), pain can be precipitated upon swallowing and involves the side of the neck and shoulder.
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It is recommended that all individuals see a Family Doctor for a full medical examination annually. Adults should get their blood pressure checked (US Preventive Task Force), a flu vaccine (CDC) and more each year.